favicon Wildflower Identification Website.        Search for wildflowers by location, color, shape and time.       Click here for Instructions.       Login
Search Summary
Category All Plants11518 Plants
Location Todd Lake near Broken Top3005 Plants
Elevation 6161 feet2689 Plants
Observation Time Now: 3rd week of October1417 Plants
Eliminate plants with low total score1393 Plants
Search Results
Click on an image for more information.
Ericameria nauseosa
rubber rabbitbrush 48%
Ericameria nauseosa
Letharia vulpina
wolf lichen 48%
Letharia vulpina
Hypogymnia imshaugii
Hypogymnia imshaugii 46%
Hypogymnia imshaugii
Philonotis fontana
spring moss 44%
Philonotis fontana
Lycopodium sitchense
Sitka clubmoss 44%
Lycopodium sitchense
Dieteria canescens
hoary-aster 43%
Dieteria canescens
Rhizocarpon geographicum
yellow map lichen 43%
Rhizocarpon geographicum
Pinus monticola
western white pine 43%
Pinus monticola
Tortula ruralis
sidewalk moss 43%
Tortula ruralis
Bryoria fuscescens
speckled horsehair lichen 42%
Bryoria fuscescens
Cladonia fimbriata
trumpet lichen 41%
Cladonia fimbriata
Pinus lambertiana
sugar pine 41%
Pinus lambertiana
Hulsea nana
dwarf alpinegold 41%
Hulsea nana
Gentiana newberryi
alpine gentian 41%
Gentiana newberryi
Lecanora polytropa
granite-speck rim-lichen 41%
Lecanora polytropa
Parmeliopsis ambigua
green starburst lichen 40%
Parmeliopsis ambigua
Arctostaphylos patula
green-leaf manzanita 40%
Arctostaphylos patula
Polytrichum juniperinum
juniper haircap moss 40%
Polytrichum juniperinum
Ericameria bloomeri
rabbitbush 40%
Ericameria bloomeri
Diplophyllum taxifolium
yellow double-leaf liverwort 40%
Diplophyllum taxifolium
Ceratodon purpureus
fire moss 40%
Ceratodon purpureus
Alectoria sarmentosa
witch's hair lichen 40%
Alectoria sarmentosa
Lophozia ventricosa
tri-tip leafy liverwort 40%
Lophozia ventricosa
Brachythecium frigidum
cold brachythecium moss 40%
Brachythecium frigidum
Letharia columbiana
brown-eyed wolf lichen 40%
Letharia columbiana
Brachythecium velutinum
brachythecium moss 39%
Brachythecium velutinum
Symphyotrichum laeve
smooth blue aster 39%
Symphyotrichum laeve
Dermatocarpon reticulatum
Sandpaper stippleback 39%
Dermatocarpon reticulatum
Lecidea atrobrunnea
brown tiles dot 39%
Lecidea atrobrunnea
Pleopsidium chlorophanum
lime bursts 39%
Pleopsidium chlorophanum
Peltigera canina
dog lichen 39%
Peltigera canina
Umbilicaria hyperborea
blistered rocktripe 39%
Umbilicaria hyperborea
Tuckermannopsis platyphylla
broad wrinkle lichen 38%
Tuckermannopsis platyphylla
Dicranum fuscescens
curly heron's-bill moss 38%
Dicranum fuscescens
Xerophyllum tenax
beargrass 38%
Xerophyllum tenax
Nodobryoria oregana
mountain readhead 38%
Nodobryoria oregana
Lecidea tessellata
mosaic tile lichen 38%
Lecidea tessellata
Cladonia ecmocyna
frosted cladonia 38%
Cladonia ecmocyna
Platismatia glauca
ragged lichen 38%
Platismatia glauca
Anemone occidentalis
western pasqueflower 38%
Anemone occidentalis
Arceuthobium campylopodum
western dwarf mistletoe 38%
Arceuthobium campylopodum
Spiraea splendens
rosy spiraea 38%
Spiraea splendens
Melanohalea exasperatula
lustrous camouflage lichen 38%
Melanohalea exasperatula
Lecidella euphorea
lecidella lichen 38%
Lecidella euphorea
Peltigera rufescens
field pelt lichen 38%
Peltigera rufescens
Cornus nuttallii
Pacific dogwood 38%
Cornus nuttallii
Pseudephebe pubescens
fine rockwool 37%
Pseudephebe pubescens
Marchantia polymorpha
umbrella liverwort 37%
Marchantia polymorpha
Gaillardia pulchella
firewheel 37%
Gaillardia pulchella
Parmelia sulcata
hammered shield lichen 37%
Parmelia sulcata
Artemisia tridentata
sagebrush 37%
Artemisia tridentata
Kaernefeltia merrillii
Kaernefeltia merrillii 37%
Kaernefeltia merrillii
Parmeliopsis hyperopta
bran lichen 37%
Parmeliopsis hyperopta
Brachythecium collinum
brachythecium moss 37%
Brachythecium collinum
Umbilicaria torrefacta
punctured rocktripe lichen 37%
Umbilicaria torrefacta
Aulacomnium androgynum
lover's moss 37%
Aulacomnium androgynum
Symphyotrichum spathulatum
western mountain aster 37%
Symphyotrichum spathulatum
Sorbus scopulina
Cascade mountain ash 37%
Sorbus scopulina
Xanthomendoza fallax
hooded sunburst lichen 37%
Xanthomendoza fallax
Chiloscyphus polyanthos
St Winfrid's moss 37%
Chiloscyphus polyanthos
Polypodium hesperium
western polypody 37%
Polypodium hesperium
Nicandra physalodes
apple of Peru 37%
Nicandra physalodes
Sticta weigelii
black spotted felt lichen 37%
Sticta weigelii
Psoroma hypnorum
moss tarts 37%
Psoroma hypnorum
Pohlia cruda
pohlia moss 36%
Pohlia cruda
Bartramia ithyphylla
straight-leaved apple-moss 36%
Bartramia ithyphylla
Amelanchier alnifolia
western serviceberry 36%
Amelanchier alnifolia
Tuckermannopsis orbata
shape-shifting wrinkle 36%
Tuckermannopsis orbata
Physconia perisidiosa
crescent frost 36%
Physconia perisidiosa
Aspicilia cinerea
cinder lichen 36%
Aspicilia cinerea
Umbilicaria americana
frosted rocktripe 36%
Umbilicaria americana
Pyrrocoma racemosa
clustered goldenweed 36%
Pyrrocoma racemosa
Solanum rostratum
buffalo bur 36%
Solanum rostratum
Bellemerea alpina
alpine ice 36%
Bellemerea alpina
Umbilicaria phaea
emery rocktripe lichen 36%
Umbilicaria phaea
Hypogymnia physodes
hooded tube lichen 36%
Hypogymnia physodes
Caloplaca saxicola
rock firedot lichen 36%
Caloplaca saxicola
Melanohalea subolivacea
blinking camouflage 36%
Melanohalea subolivacea
Rhizocarpon disporum
single-spored map lichen 36%
Rhizocarpon disporum
Datura wrightii
sacred thorn apple 36%
Datura wrightii
Lecanora rupicola
powdered-sugar rim 36%
Lecanora rupicola
Lecanora garovaglii
Garovagl's rim-lichen 36%
Lecanora garovaglii
Didymodon tophaceus
olive beard-moss 36%
Didymodon tophaceus
Arnica latifolia
broadleaf arnica 36%
Arnica latifolia
Umbilicaria vellea
grizzled rocktripe lichen 36%
Umbilicaria vellea
Porella cordaeana
cliff scale liverwort 36%
Porella cordaeana
Bryoria fremontii
wala 36%
Bryoria fremontii
Anaphalis margaritacea
pearly everlasting 36%
Anaphalis margaritacea
Dermatocarpon miniatum
common stippleback 36%
Dermatocarpon miniatum
Achillea millefolium
yarrow 36%
Achillea millefolium
Didymodon rigidulus
rigid didymodon moss 36%
Didymodon rigidulus
Claopodium bolanderi
Bolander's claopodium moss 36%
Claopodium bolanderi
Hypogymnia enteromorpha
tube lichen 36%
Hypogymnia enteromorpha
Placidium lachneum
mountain beggar 35%
Placidium lachneum
Symphyotrichum foliaceum
alpine leafybract aster 35%
Symphyotrichum foliaceum
Rhizoplaca melanophthalma
green rock-posy lichen 35%
Rhizoplaca melanophthalma
Ligusticum grayi
Gray's licorice-root 35%
Ligusticum grayi
Lecanora circumborealis
black-eyed rim lichen 35%
Lecanora circumborealis
Flavopunctelia soredica
powder-edged speckled greenshield 35%
Flavopunctelia soredica
Sorbus sitchensis
Sitka mountain ash 35%
Sorbus sitchensis
Selaginella scopulorum
compact spikemoss 35%
Selaginella scopulorum
Anthelia juratzkana
Juratzka's anthelia 35%
Anthelia juratzkana
Collema tenax
soil jelly lichen 35%
Collema tenax
Aspicilia caesiocinerea
Aspicilia caesiocinerea 35%
Aspicilia caesiocinerea
Darlingtonia californica
California pitcher plant 35%
Darlingtonia californica
Physcia tribacia
beaded rosette 35%
Physcia tribacia
Ceanothus integerrimus
deerbrush 35%
Ceanothus integerrimus
Scapania undulata
Scapania undulata 35%
Scapania undulata
Trapeliopsis granulosa
granular mottled-disk lichen 35%
Trapeliopsis granulosa
Peltigera didactyla
alternating dog-lichen 35%
Peltigera didactyla
Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus
yellow rabbitbrush 35%
Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus
Sceptridium multifidum
leathery grape-fern 35%
Sceptridium multifidum
Peltigera venosa
dark veined pelt lichen 35%
Peltigera venosa
Homalothecium nevadense
Nevada homalothecium moss 35%
Homalothecium nevadense
Lecidea lapicida
Lecidea lapicida 35%
Lecidea lapicida
Lycopodium annotinum
clubmoss 35%
Lycopodium annotinum
Physcia caesia
blue-gray rosette lichen 35%
Physcia caesia
Megaspora verrucosa
Megaspora verrucosa 35%
Megaspora verrucosa
Rhizoplaca chrysoleuca
orange rock-posy lichen 35%
Rhizoplaca chrysoleuca
Pseudoleskea incurvata
pseudoleskea moss 35%
Pseudoleskea incurvata
Abies procera
noble fir 35%
Abies procera
Physconia muscigena
ground frost lichen 35%
Physconia muscigena
Cyphelium tigillare
yellow soot lichen 35%
Cyphelium tigillare
Hypogymnia metaphysodes
tube lichen 35%
Hypogymnia metaphysodes
Tuckermannopsis chlorophylla
silver-lined wrinkle 35%
Tuckermannopsis chlorophylla
Bryoria chalybeiformis
resplendent horsehair 34%
Bryoria chalybeiformis
Physcia biziana
frosted rosette 34%
Physcia biziana
Vaccinium uliginosum
bog blueberry 34%
Vaccinium uliginosum
Bryoria capillaris
gray horsehair lichen 34%
Bryoria capillaris
Physconia enteroxantha
gilded frost 34%
Physconia enteroxantha
Artemisia ludoviciana
gray sagewort 34%
Artemisia ludoviciana
Orthotrichum laevigatum
orthotrichum moss 34%
Orthotrichum laevigatum
Pseudognaphalium canescens
Wright's cudweed 34%
Pseudognaphalium canescens
Nephroma parile
powdered kidney lichen 34%
Nephroma parile
Lecanora argopholis
glory rim 34%
Lecanora argopholis
Bryum caespiticium
dry calcareous bryum moss 34%
Bryum caespiticium
Psora tuckermanii
Tuckerman's fishscale lichen 34%
Psora tuckermanii
Lecanora varia
Lecanora varia 34%
Lecanora varia
Oxypolis occidentalis
western cowbane 34%
Oxypolis occidentalis
Usnea hirta
bristlybeard lichen 34%
Usnea hirta
Polytrichum piliferum
awned haircap moss 34%
Polytrichum piliferum
Scouleria aquatica
blackmat splashzone moss 34%
Scouleria aquatica
Hypogymnia tubulosa
tube lichen 34%
Hypogymnia tubulosa
Pseudoleskea radicosa
pseudoleskea moss 34%
Pseudoleskea radicosa
Lecanora saligna
Lecanora saligna 34%
Lecanora saligna
Xanthoria elegans
elegant sunburst lichen 34%
Xanthoria elegans
Staurothele drummondii
Staurothele drummondii 34%
Staurothele drummondii
Melanohalea elegantula
elegant camouflage lichen 34%
Melanohalea elegantula
Candelariella rosulans
sagebrush goldspeck lichen 34%
Candelariella rosulans
Peltigera collina
tree pelt lichen 34%
Peltigera collina
Candelariella aurella
hidden goldspeck lichen 34%
Candelariella aurella
Lecanora cenisia
Lecanora cenisia 34%
Lecanora cenisia
Drepanocladus aduncus
common hook-moss 34%
Drepanocladus aduncus
Nothochelone nemorosa
woodland beardtongue 33%
Nothochelone nemorosa
Erythranthe cardinalis
scarlet monkeyflower 33%
Erythranthe cardinalis
Cladonia chlorophaea
mealy pixie-cup lichen 33%
Cladonia chlorophaea
Asterella gracilis
graceful asterella 33%
Asterella gracilis
Stereocaulon alpinum
alpine foam 33%
Stereocaulon alpinum
Solorina crocea
chocolate chip lichen 33%
Solorina crocea
Centaurea diffusa
white knapweed 33%
Centaurea diffusa
Peltigera aphthosa
common freckle pelt 33%
Peltigera aphthosa
Cladonia carneola
crowned pixie-cup lichen 33%
Cladonia carneola
Lecanora muralis
stonewall rim-lichen 33%
Lecanora muralis
Angelica arguta
Lyall's angelica 33%
Angelica arguta
Orthotrichum rupestre
rock bristle-moss 33%
Orthotrichum rupestre
Usnea lapponica
powdered beard lichen 33%
Usnea lapponica
Abies amabilis
Pacific silver fir 33%
Abies amabilis
Cladonia furcata
many-forked cladonia 33%
Cladonia furcata
Atrichum selwynii
crane's-bill moss 33%
Atrichum selwynii
Leptogium saturninum
bearded jellyskin 33%
Leptogium saturninum
Cladonia pocillum
rosetted pixie-cup 33%
Cladonia pocillum
Amphidium lapponicum
bottle-brush moss 33%
Amphidium lapponicum
Ericameria greenei
Greene's goldenbush 33%
Ericameria greenei
Placidium squamulosum
Placidium squamulosum 33%
Placidium squamulosum
Acarospora fuscata
brown cobblestone lichen 33%
Acarospora fuscata
Cladonia pyxidata
pebbled pixie-cup lichen 33%
Cladonia pyxidata
Didymodon vinealis
soft-tufted beard-moss 33%
Didymodon vinealis
Stephanomeria virgata
twiggy wreath plant 33%
Stephanomeria virgata
Cladonia coniocraea
powderhorn lichen 33%
Cladonia coniocraea
Abies concolor
white fir 33%
Abies concolor
Mirabilis jalapa
four o'clock flower 33%
Mirabilis jalapa
Physcia adscendens
hooded rosette lichen 33%
Physcia adscendens
Malva neglecta
common mallow 33%
Malva neglecta
Pohlia nutans
nodding thread-moss 33%
Pohlia nutans
Lophozia incisa
ragged-leaf liverwort 33%
Lophozia incisa
Acarospora schleicheri
soil paint lichen 33%
Acarospora schleicheri
Brickellia microphylla
littleleaf brickellbush 33%
Brickellia microphylla
Paxistima myrsinites
Oregon boxleaf 32%
Paxistima myrsinites
Phaeophyscia hirsuta
hairy shadow lichen 32%
Phaeophyscia hirsuta
Candelariella vitellina
common goldspeck lichen 32%
Candelariella vitellina
Plagiomnium medium
greater tooth moss 32%
Plagiomnium medium
Umbilicaria krascheninnikovii
lesser salted rocktripe 32%
Umbilicaria krascheninnikovii
Peltigera praetextata
scaly dog-lichen 32%
Peltigera praetextata
Parmelia hygrophila
shield lichen 32%
Parmelia hygrophila
Ceanothus prostratus
prostrate ceanothus 32%
Ceanothus prostratus
Monotropa hypopitys
pinesap 32%
Monotropa hypopitys
Alectoria ochroleuca
two-toned witch's hair 32%
Alectoria ochroleuca
Hypogymnia occidentalis
western tube lichen 32%
Hypogymnia occidentalis
Aulacomnium palustre
ribbed bog moss 32%
Aulacomnium palustre
Allotropa virgata
sugarstick 32%
Allotropa virgata
Ceanothus velutinus
snowbrush ceanothus 32%
Ceanothus velutinus
Cephalozia bicuspidata
Two-horned Pincerwort 32%
Cephalozia bicuspidata
Diploschistes scruposus
crater lichen 32%
Diploschistes scruposus
Peltigera malacea
veinless pelt lichen 32%
Peltigera malacea
Eragrostis mexicana
Mexican lovegrass 32%
Eragrostis mexicana
Xanthoparmelia plittii
Plitt's rock shield 32%
Xanthoparmelia plittii
Polygonum cascadense
Cascade knotweed 32%
Polygonum cascadense
Sarcobatus vermiculatus
greasewood 32%
Sarcobatus vermiculatus
Cetraria aculeata
spiny heath 32%
Cetraria aculeata
Collema furfuraceum
tarpaper 32%
Collema furfuraceum
Ptilidium californicum
Pacific fuzz wort 32%
Ptilidium californicum
Helianthus annuus
sunflower 32%
Helianthus annuus
Blepharostoma trichophyllum
finger-leaf liverwort 32%
Blepharostoma trichophyllum
Egeria densa
Brazilian waterweed 32%
Egeria densa
Normandina pulchella
elf ears 32%
Normandina pulchella
Drymocallis glandulosa
Greene's drymocallis 32%
Drymocallis glandulosa
Bryum pseudotriquetrum
marsh thread-moss 32%
Bryum pseudotriquetrum
Endocarpon pusillum
scaly stippled lichen 32%
Endocarpon pusillum
Lecanora hagenii
simple rim 32%
Lecanora hagenii
Quercus chrysolepis
canyon live oak 32%
Quercus chrysolepis
Cladonia cariosa
split-peg lichen 32%
Cladonia cariosa
Thamnolia vermicularis
universal whiteworm 32%
Thamnolia vermicularis
Lupinus arcticus
arctic lupine 32%
Lupinus arcticus
Lupinus latifolius
broadleaf lupine 32%
Lupinus latifolius
Grimmia pulvinata
grey-cushioned grimmia 32%
Grimmia pulvinata
Leptogium lichenoides
tattered jellyskin lichen 32%
Leptogium lichenoides
Humulus lupulus
common hop 31%
Humulus lupulus
Pohlia wahlenbergii
Wahlenberg's pohlia moss 31%
Pohlia wahlenbergii
Cirsium vulgare
bull thistle 31%
Cirsium vulgare
Dicranoweisia crispula
mountain pincushion 31%
Dicranoweisia crispula
Scleropodium obtusifolium
blunt-leaved moss 31%
Scleropodium obtusifolium
Heterotheca villosa
hairy false goldenaster 31%
Heterotheca villosa
Cladonia squamosa
dragon cladonia 31%
Cladonia squamosa
Amandinea punctata
tiny button lichen 31%
Amandinea punctata
Tsuga mertensiana
mountain hemlock 31%
Tsuga mertensiana
Calocedrus decurrens
incense cedar 31%
Calocedrus decurrens
Actaea rubra
baneberry 31%
Actaea rubra
Peltigera leucophlebia
ruffled freckled pelt lichen 31%
Peltigera leucophlebia
Cladonia borealis
boreal pixie-cup 31%
Cladonia borealis
Rudbeckia occidentalis
western coneflower 31%
Rudbeckia occidentalis
Cratoneuron filicinum
cratoneuron moss 31%
Cratoneuron filicinum
Niphotrichum canescens
grey rock-moss 31%
Niphotrichum canescens
Bryum argenteum
silvergreen bryum moss 31%
Bryum argenteum
Hygrohypnum ochraceum
claw brook-moss 31%
Hygrohypnum ochraceum
Sticta fuliginosa
spotted felt lichen 31%
Sticta fuliginosa
Physcia phaea
black-eyed rosette 31%
Physcia phaea
Usnea subfloridana
nit beard lichen 31%
Usnea subfloridana
Sericocarpus oregonensis
Oregon white-top aster 31%
Sericocarpus oregonensis
Selaginella densa
small clubmoss 31%
Selaginella densa
Portulaca oleracea
common purslane 31%
Portulaca oleracea
Brachythecium albicans
whitish feather-moss 31%
Brachythecium albicans
Timmia megapolitana
timmia moss 31%
Timmia megapolitana
Orobanche californica
California broomrape 31%
Orobanche californica
Hypocenomyce scalaris
common clam lichen 31%
Hypocenomyce scalaris
Quercus kelloggii
California black oak 31%
Quercus kelloggii
Hypericum scouleri
Scouler's St. Johnswort 30%
Hypericum scouleri
Eragrostis curvula
weeping lovegrass 30%
Eragrostis curvula
Stereocaulon tomentosum
eyed foam 30%
Stereocaulon tomentosum
Xanthoparmelia conspersa
peppered rock-shield 30%
Xanthoparmelia conspersa
Parmelia saxatilis
salted shield lichen 30%
Parmelia saxatilis
Pinus ponderosa
ponderosa pine 30%
Pinus ponderosa
Cornus sericea
red osier dogwood 30%
Cornus sericea
Garrya fremontii
California fever bush 30%
Garrya fremontii
Psora decipiens
blushing scale lichen 30%
Psora decipiens
Kalmia microphylla
western swamp laurel 30%
Kalmia microphylla
Holodiscus discolor
ocean-spray 30%
Holodiscus discolor
Nicotiana attenuata
coyote tobacco 30%
Nicotiana attenuata
Encalypta ciliata
fringed candle snuffer moss 30%
Encalypta ciliata
Pinus engelmannii
Arizona longleaf pine 30%
Pinus engelmannii
Carduus nutans
musk thistle 30%
Carduus nutans
Usnea cavernosa
pitted beard lichen 30%
Usnea cavernosa
Luzula hitchcockii
Hitchcock's smooth woodrush 30%
Luzula hitchcockii
Andreaea rothii
Roth's andreaea moss 30%
Andreaea rothii
Polygonum spergulariiforme
scatter knotweed 30%
Polygonum spergulariiforme
Delphinium menziesii
Menzies' larkspur 30%
Delphinium menziesii
Hypnum revolutum
revolute hypnum moss 30%
Hypnum revolutum
Arctostaphylos pungens
pointleaf manzanita 30%
Arctostaphylos pungens
Chimaphila umbellata
pipsissewa 30%
Chimaphila umbellata
Metaneckera menziesii
Menzies' neckera 30%
Metaneckera menziesii
Bryoria trichodes
elegant horsehair 30%
Bryoria trichodes
Xanthoria polycarpa
orange wall lichen 30%
Xanthoria polycarpa
Clematis ligusticifolia
western clematis 30%
Clematis ligusticifolia
Menyanthes trifoliata
buckbean 30%
Menyanthes trifoliata
Physconia detersa
bottlebrush frost lichen 30%
Physconia detersa
Lycopodium alpinum
alpine club moss 30%
Lycopodium alpinum
Candelaria concolor
elfin candleflame lichen 30%
Candelaria concolor
Phoradendron leucarpum
oak mistletoe 30%
Phoradendron leucarpum
Placynthium nigrum
Placynthium nigrum 30%
Placynthium nigrum
Solidago lepida
western Canada goldenrod 30%
Solidago lepida
Bryum miniatum
glossy red bryum moss 30%
Bryum miniatum
Bryum capillare
bryum moss 30%
Bryum capillare
Symphyotrichum subspicatum
Douglas' aster 30%
Symphyotrichum subspicatum
Rhytidium rugosum
crumpled-leaf moss 30%
Rhytidium rugosum
Cladonia sulphurina
extra hot pixie 30%
Cladonia sulphurina
Sanionia uncinata
sanionia moss 30%
Sanionia uncinata
Amblystegium serpens
creeping feather-moss 30%
Amblystegium serpens
Distichium capillaceum
erect-fruited iris-moss 29%
Distichium capillaceum
Juncus parryi
Parry rush 29%
Juncus parryi
Cephalozia lunulifolia
moon-leaved pincerwort 29%
Cephalozia lunulifolia
Amaranthus hybridus
smooth amaranth 29%
Amaranthus hybridus
Oh my gosh! 1093 plants were not displayed.
The output was limited to keep things from getting bogged down. But you can get all the output by pressing the Show All button.
Images are copyrighted and are the property of their authors. Click on an image to see the license.